Septic Systems 101
Septic systems are typically used in rural areas that may not have a centralized sewer system. They can treat wastewater through a soil-based system that makes household plumbing possible. Septic systems use a soil absorption field and one primary drainage pipe to remove harmful bacteria.
Although the process may seem complex, the basics will help homeowners identify potential issues. Regular maintenance and inspection will help prevent drainage problems and property damage.
What Exactly Is a Home Septic System?
A septic system is a type of underground wastewater treatment. It is used to remove water from the home and separate organic materials. It sorts out solids, grease, and oil from wastewater before getting discharged into the ground.
There are multiple components to a septic system. The top three parts include the drainage pipe, drain field, and septic tank. Once water exits a home through the drainage pipe, it is then deposited into the septic tank. Septic tank maintenance is critical for a functional plumbing system.
The septic tank distinguishes what is solid waste and what is liquid. The liquid wastewater will eventually seep into the ground while the drain field helps treat impurities. The Environmental Protection Agency recommends annual maintenance to maintain a septic system properly.
How To Tell If There Is a Problem
Septic problems do not need to be catastrophic to cause damage. Sometimes it may be difficult to even know when an issue has occurred. Without routine maintenance, the chances of septic system failure are extremely high.
Slow drainage is one symptom of a faulty septic system. This can happen in multiple areas, including the kitchen sink and bathtub. This can be a warning sign even if water is still technically able to drain.
Standing water near the drain field is another indication. If it hasn’t rained in several days, this can result from pipe damage. Damp spots or foul odors are common red flags.
One should not ignore certain sounds. Gurgling noises coming from the plumbing system are not normal. If they persist for more than a day, the septic system is malfunctioning, especially if it is accompanied by standing water.
If any of these signs occur, it is important to call a professional. Those who are not trained to fix septic systems risk worsening the issue.
Septic Maintenance Advice
Maintenance is crucial for any plumbing system. Routinely keeping an eye on the septic tank and water bills can help spot potential problems in the future.
Surveying the property is an effective way to spot plumbing issues. If the grass is significantly greener in one area of the yard, this may be due to the nutrients from wastewater. A leaking tank will typically smell around the area where vegetation has grown.
Limiting the amount of water used daily can prevent the need for septic tank repair. Energy-efficient shower heads are known for saving water as well as low-flow toilets. To prevent clogs, an effluent filter is also recommended.
Maintaining a septic system requires regularly pumping the septic tank. This typically needs to happen yearly, depending on the tank size. Homes with garbage disposals are particularly susceptible to an increase in solid waste and may need to have their septic tank pumped more often. Professional plumbers are necessary for pumping and cleaning the septic tank.
About Capital City Septic Services
Capital City Septic Services specializes in septic system repair services. They can fix leaking pipes, faulty septic tanks, and wastewater issues. Call in Tallahassee, FL for more information on septic system maintenance.